ContentsRegency of Bahadur Shah
Nepalko Samkshipta Virittanta
Calendar of Historical Ducoments
Appointment of Chaudhari
Restoration of Property of Lama
Sale of Kush Birta
Reconfirmation of Nankar Lands
Reconfirmation of Homesite
Ijara for the collection of pasturage (kascharai
Reconfirmation of Birta Grant
Peshkar in Vijayapur-Morang to discharge functions relating to correspondence revenue accounts, etc at the office of the Subba
Guthi Management in Patan
Jagri Land Grant
Regulations of Munsiff in Morang
Assurance of Protection
Ijara) to reclaim Simhapur, a waste mouja in Tokani (Bara district) on payment of the following amounts yearly:-Year
Kush Birta Grant
Appeal to Emgre Chaudharis
Payment of Salaries
Appointment of Peshkar
Kathmandu: December 1, 1975
Regmi Research Series
Cumulative Index for 1975
1. Regency of Bahadur Shah … 1
2. Calendar of Historical Documents
(1837 Vikrama) … 10
3. Cancellation of Land Grants
(1897 Vikrama) … 19
4. Selected Documents of Baisakh-
Ashadh 1887 Vikrama … 21
5. Glossary of Sellected Terms … 30
6. Some Administrative Offices of the
Rana Period … 32
7. Land Taxes in Dang … 35
8. Documents Relating to Guthi
Endowment in the Janakpur Region … 36
9. Poor Houses in the Tarai … 40
10. District-Administration Regulations … 40
11. The Reign of Dambar Shah … 41
12. Selected Documents of Shrawan-Aswin
1887 Vikrama … 45
13. More Administrative Offices of the
Ran Period … 59
14. Selected Documents of Kartik-Poush,
1887 Vikrama … 61
15. King Rana Bahadur Shah … 73-77, 81-87,
16. Fiscal and Labor Obligations of Inhabitants of
Panchasaya-Khola in Nuwakot … 78
17. Activities of the Gurhi Corporation … 79
18. Preliminary Notes on the Nature of Rana
Law and Government … 88
19. The Hanuman-Dhoka Palace … 101
20. Selected Documents of Kartik-Marga, 1887 … 108
21. The Fakirana Levy … 121
22. The Dhamra Kachahari … 122
23. Landholding, Trade, and Revenue Collection
in Solukhumbhu … 122
24. A Correction … 127
25. Kipat Lands of Chepangs … 127
26. Revenue Collection in Bara and Parsa … 128
27. Minting of Gorakhpuri Coins … 129
28. Selected Documents of Aswin-Kartik 1842 … 129
29. Selected Documents of Marga-Paush 1887 … 132
30. Social Changes during the Early
Shah Period ... 141-49, 163-72, 184-
31. A Lichhavi Inscription at
Lazimpat, Kathmandu … 150
32. Jitamitra Malla … 152
33. Selected Documents of Marga 1842 … 156
34. Mining Regulations … 159
35. Ranajit Kunwar's Letters to
Bhimsen Thapa … 161
36. Srimanavihara … 173
37. Selected Documents of Marga-Poush, 1887 … 174
38. The Gomi Community … 181
39. Selected Documents of 1948 Vikrama ... 189
40. Gurhi Land Endowments in Mahottari … 193
41. Punishment of Liquor-Drinking Khas … 196
42. The Rasad Levy … 198
43. Preparations for War with Tibet, 1929, A.D. … 200
44. Miscellaneous Documents on the Bheri-
Mahakali Region … 201-204, 221-23
45. Notes on the Changunarayan Inscription … 205-209, 232-40
46. Some Confusions … 210-15, 224-32
47. Selected Documents of 1887 Vikrama … 216
(S. B. Maharjan)
Regmi Research (Private) Ltd,
Kathmandu: January 1, 1975
Regmi Research Series
Year 7, No. 1,
Mahesh C. Regmi.
1. Regency of Bahadur Shah … 1
2. Calendar of Historical Documents
(1837 Vikrama) … 10
3. Cancellation of Land Grants
(1897 Vikrama) … 19
Regmi Research (Pvt) Ltd,
Lazimpat, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Compiled by Regmi Research (Private) Ltd for private study and research. Not meant for public sale of display.
After the death of Queen Rajendralaxmi, confusion arose at the royal palace as regards the future course of action. The new King was a minor, and Bahadur Shah was in detention. In the meantime, Dalajit Shah had occupied Kaski. Abhiman Simha also had gone to Kaski. All of them subsequently came to Kathmandu and held a meeting. They decided that nothing could be done unless Bahadur Shah was released from detention. Old royal palace officials and members of the nobility also suggested that Bahadur Shah should be invited. Bahadur Shah was released on the eleventh day after the death of Rajendralaxmi. He took over the regency after the end of the mourning period on the advice of all. First of all, Swarup Simha Karki was beheaded, Bahadur Shah then dismissed Balabhadra Shah during the next Pajani.
Kaski had been occupied when Rajendralaxmi was still alive. Bahadur Shah now decided that the Chaubisis states across the Kali river should also be conquered. Since the kings of Palpa and Parbat were creating trouble, he summoned his elder sister […………..], who was married to Prince Rana Bhima Shah of Salyan, to advise on relations with the Chaubise kingdoms. Although Vilasaku[……..] did not come to Kathmandu, she sent her son, Raghunatha Shah. Bahadur Shah did not discuss his place with anyone, in Kathmandu, but went to Gorkha to meet Reghunath Shah along with the King. In Gorkha, they decided that Bahadur Shah should marry the daughter of Mahadatta Sen, King of Palpa and persuade him to accept the suzerainty of the government of Nepal. They agreed that this would make victory over all the Chaubisi states easy.
XBaburam Acharya, ^ (A Concise Account of Nepal). Kathmandu: Pramod Shumshere and Nir Bikram ''Pyasi''. 2022 (1966). Chapter XVII, ''Bahadur Shahko Mukhtiyari (Regency of Bahadur Shah). PP. 92-101.
Shiva Shah, uncle of the King of Gulmi, was living in Ramnagar in exile. His son had died. Shiva Shah was living in Ramnagar with a concubine, and a grand-daughter on the legitimate live, Vidyalaxmi. Thinking that it would be easy to conquer Gulmi if Shiva Shah was won over, Bahadur Shah brought Vidyalaxmi to Kathmandu as his betrothed bride. Then he sent Shiva Shah to attack Gulmi along with Gorkhali troops led by Jiva Shah. Damodar Pande, brother of Vamsha Raj Pande, who was then a minister, was sent to invade Parbat. He was also entrusted with the task of subjugating the kingdoms of the west. Similarly, Abhiman Simha Basnyat, another minister, was sent to occupy the kingdoms of the east. However, Abhiman Simha accompanied Damodar Pande up to the Parbat. The Gorkhali troops reached the borders of Jajarkot in different groups after occupying Gulmi, Argha, Khanchi, Parbat, Musikot, Galket and Pyuthan. The small kingdoms adjoining Jajarkot were also occupied. The Tarai kingdom of Dang was occupied and given to the King of Salyan. Friendship had been established with the King of Jajarkot from the time of Prithvi Narayan Shah. Jajarkot had been given autonomy on payment of a tribute of Rs 700[…] annually to the government of Nepal. The Gorkhali troops returned to Kathmandu after having this treaty reconfirmed. Bahadur Shah became very powerful after these victorious, which were celebrated with great jubilation in Kathmandu. Feudatory king like Mahadatta Sen also attended the ceremony. They received elephants, horses and other gifts from the hand of King Ran Bahadur Shah. In return, they presented gifts to King Ran Bahadur Shah. Mahadatta Sen received the kingdoms of Gulmi, Argha and Khanchi as his reward. Angyal Dorje, King of Mustang which was situated bear Parbat, also accepted the suzerainty of Nepal. Friendship was maintained with the kingdom on [owning] by giving away some villages in Mustang. Although Shiva Shah of Gulmi had helped in the war, he did not receive the Kingdom of Gulmi. He therefore became frustrated and died.
Bahadur Shah then started a war with Tibet on the issue of debased coins. Disputes had arisen during the time to Prithvi Narayan Shah because debased coins for circulation in Tibet had been issued by Jaya Prakash Malla. An envoy from Nepal had gone to Tibet to conclude an agreement in this regard. Prithvi Narayan Shah died by the time the envoy reached Khasa. An agreement was then signed by the representative of the Dalai Lama, the Lama of Sikkim, and other leading Lamas, representatives of the King of Nepal, Kajis
and the Taksari at Khasa during the reign of King Pratap Simha. That agreement remained in force only during the reign of King Pratap Simha. After his death, the Tibetans stopped supplying pure gold and silver coins, hence Nepal-Tibet trade was totally disrupted.
According to the Khasa treaty, trade between India and Tibet could be conducted only via Nepal. But the Tibetans started conducting trade through the Sikkim route. when a clarification was sought during the reign of Queen Rajendralaxmi about such violation. Tibet hinted that this had been done because it had to sell silver, but not send an official reply.
In the meantime, /_a dispute arose at the monastery of the Tashi Lama of Digarcha. The Chief Lama of Digarcha, Palden Yara, died on his way back home after visiting the Emperor of Chine. His brother Shamarpa Lama, became the Lama temporarily. Shamarpa Lama misappropriated gold worth hundreds of thousands of rupees. When a new Lama, a minor, was installed there, his father inquired into the property of the monastery. A quarrel ensued between Shamarpa Lama and them. Shamarpa Lama taking all movable property in his possession, fled to Sikkim, along with fifteen colleagues, through the newly-opened route. on their arrival at the border of Nepal, they informed the Nepal government that they wanted to live in Nepal as refugees.
A war was going on at that time in the west, but Bahadur Shah sent Ranajung Pande to receive these Lamas. They were brought to Kathmandu and kept at Swayambhu. Bahadur Shah made them citizens of Nepal on their request.
When the war in the west ended, Bahadur Shah invaded Tibet on the charge that it had stopped trade with Nepal. Kuti and Kerung were attached simultaneously. The Tibetans could not face the Nepalis. The Ambans of Lhasa then forced the Tibetans to sign an agreement with Nepal. Nepal demanded that Kuti should be vacated or Rs 10 million paid as reparation. After prolonged discussions, Tibet agreed to pay Rs 50,000 annually to Nepal. The Nepali troops returned after an agreement to this effect was singed in Kerurng.
Tibet was then under the suzerainty of Chine. During the reign of the Ming dynasty in China, Tibet had become almost independent. The Manchu dynasty succeeded the Ming dynasty in China. The Manchu Emperors could not exert any pressure on Tibet. They sent two Ambans to Lhasa as their envoys. These Ambans only functioned as advisors of the Tibetans. At that time, they expressed the view that representatives of the Nepal government should be sent to the Chinese Emperor along with a copy of the new treaty. Their intention was to utilize this opportunity to suppress the Tibetans.
The simple-minded Gorkhalis agreed to this offer, and a Nepali representative, accompanied by an Amban, left for China via Kuti. The delegation was received in China with great honor. The Emperor of China conferred medals on both Bahadur Shah and Rana Bahadur Shah. The latter was conferred the ''Arti-Tiwang'', while Bahadur Shah received that ''Ghung.'' The other Amban accompanied the delegation on their return. He came through Kerung and returned via Kuti. Both Ambans surveyed the route during their visit.
Shamarpa Lama too had signed the treaty with Tibet on behalf of Nepal in the capacity of a Nepali citizen in Kerung. The Tibetans were infuriated by the manner in which refugee from Tibet, who had defalcated property, had signed a treaty to suppress Tibet. The Tibetans paid Rs 50,000 according to treaty during the first year. During the third year, a Tibetan representative visited Nepal and demanded fresh negotiations, refusing to pay the amount. It was then decided to hold a meeting in Kuti, and a Nepali representative went there for this purpose. The maintain of the Tibetans was to arrest Shamarpa Lama. Knowing this, Shamarpa Lama did not go to Kuti. When the Tibetans asked why Shamarpa Lama did not attend the meeting, the Nepalis said that he was ill. But the Tibetans refused to talk in the absences of Shamarpa Lama. The Nepalis realizing that the Tiebtans had come not to hold talks but to arrest Shamarpa Lama, arrested them an brought them to Kathmandu.
Before the Tibetan officials were arrested, there had been war with Jumla, because Jumla had assisted Tibet during the Nepal-Tibet war. Jumla had also seized the Kingdom of Mustang, which had accepted the suzerainty of Nepal. Nepali troops led by Kaji Shiva Narayan Khatri, advanced toward Jumla along with Himalayas via Muktikshetra. These troops occupied [Tibrikot] first. After some days, Shiva Narayan Khakri occupied
Chhinasim, capital of Jumla. Seeing no advantage in proceeding further Shiva Narayan Khatri appointed Bhakti Thapa as Subedar and sent him to occupy Dailekh and Dullu along with a Brahman Sardar, Kalu Pande. Kalu Pande attacked Bilaspur, capital of Dailekh. The King of fled, and Dailekh was occupied without any difficulty. When the Gorkhalis attacked Dullu, everybody, including the King, fled. They were later persuaded by Kalu Pande to come back. Dailekh was incorporated into the Kingdom of Nepal because it was without a king. Dullu was left intact, because its King, Uttama Shahi, accepted Gorkha's suzerainty. Bhakti Thapa then proceeded toward Jumla. Shiva Narayan Khatri was already in Jumla at that time. They extended their authority over the whole of Jumla. Gorkha's dominions thus extended to the Bheri river.
Bajhang had once formed part of the kingdom of Kumaun. It became independent following a civil war. The King of Doti then asked the King of Bajhang to accept the status of a vassal but the latter refused. A princess of Bajhang had been married to the son of the King of Doti. The King of Doti then offered to designate this son as successor if he killed his father-in-law, the King of Bajhang. The son actually did so by deceit when he visited Bajhang during the Dashain festival. The infant son of the assassinated King of Bajhang was then in Achham. The officials of Bajhang decided to accept Gorkha's suzerainty thinking that Gorkha would then punish the King of Doti.
Without the following of the King of Achham, the officials of Bajhang went to Dulllu and signed a treaty accepting Nepal's suzerainty and agreeing to pay a tribute of Rs 500 yearly. The King of Achham rejected an offer made by the Gorkhalis to sign a similar agreement. The Gorkhalis thereupon attacked Achham. The King of Achham fled and him himself in the Mahabharat forests.
Doti was the next target of the Gorkhalis, but it was difficult to attack it. Doti was an extensive kingdom. Kaji Shiva Narayan Khatri, Captian Golaiyan Khawas, Sardar Amar Simha Thapa and others had been sent from Nepal to invade Doti. Kaji Jagatjit Pande was sent to assist them. A civil war raging in Kumaun by the time these officials reached/_their Goshi […..] Brahman ministers. Mohan Chand had been declared King, superseding that old royal dynasty. Mohan Chand was killed in the course of a clash with the Joshis. His son, Mahendra Chand,
/_Salyan between the Chand Kings and
expelled the Joshis and became King. Harshadeva Joshi, one of the expelled Joshis, went to Salyan and asked Princes Ranabhima Shima (Prithvi Narayan Shah's son-in-law) to provide him with troops, promising that he would then bring Kumaun under Gorkha. Harshadeva Joshi also requested that he be allowed to accompany the troops. Harshadeva Joshi's offer was accepted, and he proceeded toward Doti along with Gorkhali troops.
Jagajit Pande occupied Depayal, capital of Doti, easily. The King of Doti fled. The troops of Doti sustained a defeat at the battle of Dumrakot at Narayanghat. The whole of Doti was then annexed into the Kingdom of Nepal.
When the Gorkhali troops reached Kumaun, Amara Simha Thapa was defeated in a minor battle. However, Amara Thapa and Jagajit Pande jointly defeated the King of Kumaun in another battle. The King of Kumaun then fled. Kumaun was occupied easily. The Gorkhalis then proceeded towards Garhwal. They marched toward Srinagar, capital of Garhwal, along the banks of the Alaka river. The ministers of Garhwal then fled to an inaccessible fort in the Mahabharat mountains along with the infant king. The Gorkhalis occupied Sringar, and then besieged the mountainous fort. The siege continued for a year with sporadic fighting. One year later, the Gorkhalis were defeated a minor Skrimish at Paniyakhet. The defeat was due to the fact that a large number of the troop of Doti were assisting the Gorkhalis.
As soon as news of this defeat reached them, the kings of Kumaun, Doti, Jumla and Achham made attempts to reoccupy their kingdoms. The King of Achham did so immediately and killed two companies of Gorkhali troops which had been stationed there. As a result, Nepal's contacts with the west were broken.
At this time, Bahadur Shah faced great difficulties. The Tibetans remained intransigent even after representatives were arrested. The Gorkhali troops then attacked Digarcha and the gumba of the Panchen Lama. The Gorkhalis troops were led by Damodar Pande and Bam Shah. The Gorkhali officers plundered the gumba whenthe Lama fled. However, the Gorkhalis sustained a heavy loss of life when then were coming back through Syartangpo, as winter was approaching. Even then, the Gorkhalis were able to come back to Kathmandu along with the plunder. The plunder provided an excuse to the Chinese.
The Chinese general who had come to Kerung wrote a strong letter to the King of Nepal, demanding that the plunder goods should be restored, because these had been given as presents by the Chinese Emperor to the Panchen Lama. The Chinese courtier was taken into custody. Discussions then started at the royal palace as regards the next step. On one side was the Chinese invasion, and, on the other, defeat in Garhwal. Gajaraj Mishra, who was in Banaras at that time, realized that there was no alternatives but to sign a treaty with the English. He met Mr. Duncan, the English Trade Representative in Banaras, and raised the question of signing a treaty. Gajaraj Mishra had Mr. Duncan then drafted a treaty with the help of Munshi Abdul Kader. The treaty was signed by both sides in a hurry. /_in order to please the government
of Nepal. The Nawab of Oudh
The English were waiting for an opportunity to send an English officer to Nepal in order to study its actual condition. Accordingly, terms were formulated which would cause no harm to Nepal. However, Nepal did not permit any English officer to visit its territory. It permitted only Munshi Abdul Kader to visit Nepal. After the treaty was signed, the English government wrote a letter to the Nawab of Oudh/_was persuaded to write to the Nawab of Rampur exerting pressure on the King of Garhwal to accept the suzerainty of Nepal. Because of his difficulty position, the King of Garhwal agreed that an envoy of the Government of Nepal should be appointed in Garhwal, that Garhwal should not maintain contacts with any other states, that it should not maintain contacts with any other state, and that it should accept Nepal's suzerainty.
Meanwhile, the Chinese Commander-in-chief, Tung Thang, entered into Nepal though Kerung along with 9,000 troops. There was an encounter between the Gorkhalis and the Chinese at Kuti, in which the Gorkhalis were defeated. The Chinese army then encamped at Listi, which is situated at a distance of approximately 30 kosh east of Kathmandu. The Gorkhali troops too encamped nearby, determined not to allow the Chinese to march farther. Fighting came to an end when the Chinese raised the questions of signing a treaty. They proposed that the Chinese troops should be shifted to Dhaibung for the purpose of holding negotiations. The Gorkhalis therefore vacated Dhaibung and encamped on the other side of Betrawati river. Negotiations continued for one month, but without any result. The Chinese then proposed that negotiations should be held in Nuwakot. The Gorkhalis did not accept
this proposal, as they were afraid lest the Chinese should proceed slowly toward Kathmandu . they were determined not to allow the Chinese to cross the Betrawati river.
In this situation, a Chinese commander crossed the Betrawati bridge along with 3,000 troops. The Chinese force was attacked by the Gorkhali troops stationed at Gerkhu and Chokde under the command of Damodar Pande and Kirtiman Simha Basynat. The Chinese were defeated. The Gorkhalis destroyed the Betrawati bridge to as to prevent the Chinese from coming back. Nearly 1,000 Chinese soldiers fell into Betrawati river and were killed.
As winter was approaching, the Chinese raised the question of a truce. They demanded that the goods plundered from the gumba of Panchen Lama in Digarcha should be restored but did not specify the quantity. They government of Nepal therefore accepted the proposal. The Chinese also demanded that Shamarpa Lama should be given back to them. However, the government of Nepal replied that it would not surrender refugees. Tung Thang then promised that he would not harass Shamarpa Lama, but let him stay at his monastery along with his comrades. Nepal thereupon agreed to give Shamarpa Lama back to the Chinese.
The Tibetans who had been arrested in Kuti, as well as then Chinese courtier who had been taken into custody, were then released and sent away from Kathmandu. However, Shamarpa Lama took poison and committed suicide at the first halt. The Chinese took away his dead body, saying that it would be buried at his monastery. The treaty was then signed. The Chinese took Kuti and Lhasa.
During the war with China, the King of Sikkim fought against Nepal on the Chinese side. Gorkhali troops therefore reached Sikkim and inflected a defeat on the Sikkimese army. The capital of Sikkim was occupied. The Chinese did not pay any attention to Sikkim, which was situated on the southern side of the Himalayas. The government of Nepal relinquished Kerung when the Chinese made a demand to this effect. Kuti had always being a part of Tibet. Khasa belonged to Nepal, but Nepal was forced to relinquish it. Bahadur Shah agreed to sign the treaty accepting all these conditions.
Bahadur Shah committed a blunder in invading Tibet. Prithvi Narayan Shah had directed that war should never be fought on the fronts. However, Bahadur Shah started a war on the Garhwal front also. He had thus to face difficulties on both fronts. The English arranged for the signing of a treaty with Garhwal. In any case, after the treaty with China was signed, the English were not in a position to interfere in Nepal, because they did not understand the intentions of China. The gains of the war with China thus almost equaled the losses.
Since a trade treaty had been signed, the English tried to send Captain Kirkpatrick to Nepal as their trade representative. Bahadur Shah had signed this trade treaty with the English hoping that he would be able to buy arms for the war with China. But when the English refused to supply arms to the agent by the government of Nepal to Patna against payment in cash, the Nepalis felt displeased, realizing that the English were opportunists. Bahadur Shah was actually not happy with the English. But he remained silent, as his displeasure would have been interpreted as the official displeasure of the government of Nepal. Because of the opposition he faced, Bahadur shah summoned Captain Kirkpatrick not to Kathmandu but to Nuwakot, where he took King Rana Bahadur Shah also. Kirkpatrick remained a few days in Nuwakot, and then came to Swayambhu. He stayed a few days in Kathmandu before returning to India in March 1793 A.D.
A few month after Kirkpatrick's departure from Kathmandu, Rana Bahadur Shah attained the age of eighteen years. Traditionally, it was necessary to entrust the reins of the administration to him, now that he had attained majority. However, Rana Bahadur Shah could not accept his responsibility. Considerable expenditure had been incurred in war. It was necessary to recruit additional troops at different places, and dismiss them at other places. Moreover, it was necessary to give rewards to those who had displayed bravery in war. Bahadur Shah and Rana Bahadur Shah ruled jointly for about a year. In actual fact, the wishes of Rana Bahadur shah always outweighed those of Bahadur Shah.
Ijara for Revenue Collection
(Jestha Sudi 15, 1837)
Ijara granted to …Chaudhari for revenue collection in Mahottari district for a three-year term. Total amount Rs 7,503. (36/472-73).X
(Jestha Sudi 15, 1837)
appointment of Bhanu Chaudhari for revenue collection in Kodari Parganna of Mahottari district. (36/473-74).
Exemption from Payment of Chumawan Levy
(Ashadh Sudi 5, 1837)
Royal order to Mahanta Tetar Shaiwa granting exemption from payment of Chumawan levy on Birta lands belonging to the Pindeshwar temple in Morang. (5/582).
(Ashadh Sudi 15, 1837)
Royal order to Karma Rayake Lama, reincarnation of Ghelung Sera Yabago Lama. ''Ghelung Sera Yabago Lama had placed some property in the charge of a Jajman. This was appropriated by Jaisi Taudhik. According to custom, the disciple of a deceased Lama inherits his property, and vice versa. We hereby reconfirm this custom, and accept a fee (Bhetghat) in consideration thereof.'' (5/583).
(Shrawan Sudi 1, 1837)
Damodar pande had been granted 6.25 ropanis of land as Kush Birta. He sold this land to Harikrishna Vaidya for Rs 75. The sale has been confirmed through royal order. (5/582)
XThese figures refer to the volume and page numbers in the Regmi Research Collections.
(Shrawan Sudi 10, 1837)
Royal order reconfirming the Nankar lands of Devanarayan Chaudhari in Sidhmas, Parsa district. (36/471).
Collection of Chumawan Levy
(Shrawan Sudi 15, 1837)
Royal order to Indramani Basnyat and Gerbhu Khawas, Fauzdars of Saptari district. ''We have received reports that they ryots of Saptari district have been put to hardship because of the high rates of the Chumawan levy. We therefore order you to make collections at the rate of prescribed for Mahotarri district.'' (5/583).
(Bhadra Badi 5, 1837)
Reconfirmation of the homesite of Jasadhar Thapa in the Deurali area. (36/472).
Collection of Buffalo Levies
(Aswin Badi 2, 1837) (36/476-77)
Three-year Ijara granted to Mahendra Simha Newar for the collection of Buffalo levie (Bhainsi-Bhansar) all over the kingdom. (36/476-77).
Collection of Buffalo and Pasturage Taxes
(Aswin Sudi 5, 1837)
Hridaya Ram Chaudhari and Adham Chaudhari granted one-year ^ for the collection of pasturage (kascharai) and buffalo (Bhaisodha) taxes in Mahottari. Total Amount: Rs 2,667. (36/475-76).
Jagir Land Grant
(Aswin Sudi 15, 1837)
One mouja of waste land in Koradi (Mahottari district) granted as Jagir to Bichitra Mahant. (36/480).
(Aswin Sudi 15, 1837)
Reconfirmation of Kush Birta granted by King Bhupalendra Mall to Durga Das Padhya to the latter's descendent, Chamu Padhya Ghimire. (36/477).
Appointment of Peshkar
(Kartik Badi 1, 1837)
Royal order reconfirming Narapati Das as ^ in Vijayapur-Morang to discharge functions relating to correspondence revenue accounts, etc at the office of the Subba. (5/585-86).
Guthi Management in Kathmandu
(Marga Badi 13, 1837).
Bajnath Upadhyaya was granted a three-year contract (Ijara) for the management of 26 Guthi endowments on payment of a year fee (Mahasul) of Rs 261 to the government. (36/479).
(Marga Badi 13, 1837)
Nanda Ram Upadhyaya granted contract (Ijara) for the management of Guthi endowments in Patan (previously operated by Ganga Bahadur) on payment of a year fee (Mahasual) of Rs 351. (36/480).
Appointment of Mokaddam
(Poush Badi 14, 1837)
Royal order appointing Baladas Mokaddam in Bhardah, Khalisa (Saptari district). (5/592).
(Marga Badi 14, 1837)
Royal order granting virgin lands (Kalabanjar) in a Tarai district as Jagir to Bakhat Singh. (5/590).
Appointment of Munsiff
(Magh Badi 30, 1837)
Royal order appointing Jamadar Ramachandra Khawas as Munsiff in Morang to measure lands and compile tax-assessment records. (5/587).
(Magh Badi 30, 1837)
Regulations issued through royal order in the name of Ramachandra Khawas defining his functions as Munsiff. (5/587).
(Magh Sudi 4, 1837)
Regulations in the name of Fouzdars Abaya Singh Khawas and Garbhu Khawas for Saptari and Mahottari. (36/497).
(Magh Sudi 11, 1837)
Royal order granting protection to Parashuram Thapa so long as he remained loyal. (5/591).
Appointment of Kanugoye in Bara
(Magh Sudi 13, 1837)
Mandalal Das was appointed Kanigoye of Tokani Parganna in Bara distict and given the waste mouja of Pakari was his Nankar holding. (36/486).
Revenue Collection Contract
Magh Sudi 13, 1837)
Nandalal Das was given a five-year contract (^ ) to reclaim Simhapur, a waste mouja in Tokani (Bara district) on payment of the following amounts yearly:-
Year Total Payment
1841 52½ (36/485)
(Magh Sudi 13, 1837)
Sarba-anka-bitalab-kusha-birta grant to Raghunath Pandit in Charbant, Bara district. ''Any person who misappropriates the produce of this land shall be deemed to have eaten beef if he is a Hindu, and pork, if he is a Mussalman.'' (5/589).