Regmi Research (Private) Ltd icon

Regmi Research (Private) Ltd

1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15
Jagir Land Grant

(Magh Sudi 13, 1837)

Royal order granting 3 moujas of virgin lands (kalabanjar) at Khesraha in Mahottari district as Jagir to Jayanta Khawas and Manya Khawas. (5/588).



^ Appeal to Emgre Chaudharis

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

Manbodhi Chaudhari and Satar Chaudhari of Saptari-Mahottari who had fled to India, were asked to come back and reoccupy their lands. (36/492).

Land-tax-assessment Records In Saptari-Mahottari

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

Fouzdars Abhaya Singh Khawas and Garbhu Khawas were directed to compile land-tax-assessment records on a provisional basis without measuring lands, taking into account the existing level of collections and the views of the local Chaudharis, Kanogoyes, Mokaddams, and ryots. (36/492).

^ Payment of Salaries

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

order of Faudars Abhaya Singh Khawas and Garbhu Khawas regarding payment of salaries amounting to Rs 2,832 with the revenues collected in Saptari and Mahottari to troops stationed in the forts of Bhadaruwa, Naraha, Rupaitha and Bhewa. (36/490).

^ Appointment of Peshkar

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

Khelapati Das was appointed Peshkar for Saptari and Mahotarri to handle official records and correspondence at the district headquarters office under the Fouzdar. (36/493).

Appointment of Priest

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

Royal order appointing Damodar Padhya as priest of the Narayan temple in Machhegaun (Kathmandu). 5/591).



^ Management of Sera Lands

(Magh Sudi 14, 1837)

Royal order placing Crown (Sera) lands in different areas under the management of Dharmananda Vaidya. ''Supply such commodities from the produce of these lands as are required by the (royal household), utilizing the porterage services of the tenants. Dig irrigation channels.'' (5/591).

^ Appointment of Jamadar

(Falgun Badi 1, 1837)

Royal order appointing Kanhaiya Khatri Jamadar of 12 peons (halkara) on a monthly salary of Rs 12. The peons were paid Rs 4 every month. (5/595).

Appointment of Fouzdar

(Falgun Badi 6, 1837)

Royal order appointing Abhaya Singh Khawas as Fouzdar jointly with Garbhu Khawas, replacing Indramani Basnyeat in Saptari and Mahottari. (5/588). Three other documents of the same date giving notice of dismissal to Indramani Basnyat and informing the local Chaudharis of the change. (36/488-89).

^ Appointment of Dware

(Falgun Sudi 13, 1837)

Royal order appointing Ram Prasad Dware of musicians (at the royal palace). (5/594)

Appointment of Nausindas

(Chaitra Badi 1, 1837)

Bhola Das and Pirthi Das were appointed Nausindas at the office of the munsiff in Saptari and Mahottari. (36/495).



^ Management of Guthi Endowments

(Chaitra Badi 1, 1837)

Royal order placing four Guthi endowments in Deopatan, Kathmandu, under the charge of Dware Shashidhar. (5/592).

Collection of Levy from Weavers

(Chaitra Badi 12, 1837).

Royal order to Sainbu Buki, granting him a three-year Ijara for the collection of a levy of nine annas per year from each weaver in Kathmandu Valley and the hill regions on payments of total of Rs 22,503 at the rate of Rs 7,503 per year. The Ijara was previously operated by Melhama Banda. (5/584).

Jagir Land Grant

(Chaitra Sudi 3, 1837)

Royal order grating lands in Mahottari as Jagir to Nandalal Das to maintain himself and his family. Exemption was granted also from forced-labor obligations. (5/595-96).

^ Jagir Land Grant

(Chaitra Sudi 3, 1837)

Royal order granting 3 khets (i.e. 300 muris) as Jagir to Manik Raj Khawas. The lands had previously been assigned to Abhaya Singh Khawas. (5/608).

Appoinment of Munsiffs

(Chaitra Sudi 3, 1837)

Royal order appointing Manik Raj Khawas and Biru Padhya as Munsiffs in Saptari and Mahotarri. Also two orders of the same date informing Fouzdars Abhaya Singh Khawas and Garbhu Khawas of this appointment, and directing them to pay salaries notification regarding the appointment. (5/606-07).



^ Land Measurement

(Chaitra Sudi 3, 1837)

Royal order authorizing Munsiffs Manik Raj Khawas and Biru Padhya to assess taxes in Saptari and Mahottari without measuring lands, if this help to increase the revenue, and if the local ryots were willing. (5/607)

^ Royal Order to Bhuwaneshwar Padhya


Royal order summoning Bhuwaneshwar Padhya and assuring him of the gradual restoration of his property. (36/470-71).

Restoration of Jagir Holding


A Sen King of Makwanpur had granted the mouja of Kadari in Khalisa (Saptari district) as Jagir to Anup Dhami. After the Gorkhali conquest, another mouja was added to this Jagir holding. These lands are now reconfirmed in favor of Anup Dhami. (36/487).


^ Cancellation of Land Grants.

(1897 Vikrama)

From King Rajendra,

To The Srinath Kampu.

We have received reports that when royal land grants made irregularly (throughout the kingdom) between the Mechi river in the east and the Mahakali river in the west during the period from 1894 to 1896 Vikrama (1837 to 1839 A.D.) were all cancelled disputes arose regarding the rights of cultivation (Adhyiya), several persons claimed rights to the same plot of land, and therefore submitted complaints.

We therefore order that with effect from the year 1897 Vikrama (1840 A.D.):-

(a) All fresh grants canceling old ones, that have led to the loss of the rights of any actual occupant, and deprived him of his homestead, shall be cancelled.

Provided that:-

Grants of the following categories shall not be cancelled:-

(i) Allotments of lands in consideration of labor services (Gole, Ghansi, Byang, Barudkhana), Kagat Hulaki, and Thaple-Hulaki),

(ii) Grants of lands confiscated from Brahmans, and

(iii) Allotments of lands on Raibandi basis to ryots of all categories in the village.


XYogi Naraharinath (ed.), ^ Itihasa Prakashama Sandhipatra Sangraha (A Collection of Treaties in Light on History), Dang: the editor, 2022 (1966), P. 453>



The central office of the Srinath Kampu shall restore to the actual occupants all rice lands and homesteads of which they had been deprived through the grants that have now been cancelled. It shall also make arrangements to have the rice lands cultivated.

(b) Any person who cultivates lands forcibly in contravention of this order shall be punished.

(c) In case any person had obtained a royal land grant in his name and paid the necessary fees, but has not been able to cultivate the lands, the fees shall be refunded to him.

(d) For the Vikrama year 1898 (1814 A.D.) shall previous royal land grants (made between 1837 and 1839 A.D.) shall be procured and scrutinized to ascertain whether or not they had been made on an equitable manner.

Jestha Badi 9, 1897

(May 1840)


(S. B. Maharjan).

Regmi Research (Private) Ltd,

Kathmandu: February 1, 1975

Regmi Research Series

Year 7, No. 2,

Edited By

Mahesh C. Regmi.




1. Selected Documents of Baisakh-

Ashadh 1887 Vikrama … 21

2. Glossary of Sellected Terms … 30

3. Some Administrative Offices of the

Rana Period … 32

4. Land Taxes in Dang … 35

5. Documents Relating to Guthi

Endowment in the Janakpur Region … 36

6. Poor Houses in the Tarai … 40

7. District-Administration Regulations … 40


Regmi Research (Pvt) Ltd,

Lazimpat, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Compiled by Regmi Research (Private) Ltd for private study and research. Not meant for public sale of display.


Selected Documents of Baisakh-Ashadh 1887 Vikrama



^ Sale of Birta Land in Saptari


Guru Panditraj Bishnu Pandit, of Makhan Tole, Kathmandu, had sold 200 bighas of waste Birta lands in Dhanchhawar, Saptari district, to Bhagat Jha for Patna rupees 1291. The Tusal-Dhansar office collected a fee (Baksauni) of Rs 12½ on the transaction. (44/8)

^ Darshan-Bhet Revenue

(Baisakh Sudi 7, 1887)

Receipts issued by the Kausi Tosakhana for revenue amounting to Rs 714, collected by Kaji Bakhtwar Simha Thapa. (44/14).

Purchase of Cloth

(Baisakh Sudi 11, 1887)

Receipts issued by the Kausi Tosakhana for cloth worth Rs 5,77½ purchased by Kaji Bakhtwar Simha Thapa through Bishnudatta Padhya with revenues collected from Palpa in the year 1886 (Vikrama), (44/8-9).

^ Appointment of Mijhar

(Baisakh Sudi 15, 1887)

Royal order appointing Musya Lohar, headman (Mijhar) of blacksmiths (Kami) in Parsa district, with authority to dispose of cases relating to create and sexual offences among Kamis in this area. (44/9).

^ Appointment of Fouzdar

(Baisakh Sudi 15, 1887).

Royal order to Sadar Jahar Simha Basnyat, Subba Nayak Gohi Simha, and Shubhakrana Giri. ''We have received reports that the number of peons for the collection of revenue in



Bara, Parsa, Rautahat, Sarlahi and elsewhere is insufficient, and that no provision exists for the appointment of a Fouzdar. With effect for the year 1887, the post of Dewan Darpa Narayan Das shall be abolished, thereby saving Rs 300. To this shall be added Rs 500 from fines collected by the court (Kachahari). One Fouzdar shall then be appointed on a salary of RS 300, and 20 peons on a total salary of Rs 500 (per year). (44/9-10).

^ Appointment of Chaudhari

Baisakh Sudi 15, 1887)

Lekhman had been appointed Chaudhari in the Baluwa area of Parsa district. But he could not work satisfactorily. He was therefore dismissed and replaced by Trilok Chaudhari. The post carried the assignment of two moujas as Nankar. Trilok Chaudhari was directed to make revenue collections properly under the Panchashala system, and pay Patna Rs 100 every year (Khatami Salami) on his Nankar lands. (44/10-11).

Gift of Elephant

(Jestha Badi 2, 1887)

Dittha Balabhadra Joshi and other employees of the elephant depot were ordered to land over a four-cubit elephant as a farewell gift to Chaudhari Simha. (44/11-12).

^ Repair of Irrigation Channels

(Jestha Badi 2, 1887).

Royal order to the Dwares, Jesthabudhas, Tharis, respectable people, and Mohis cultivating rice lands throughout Gajuri (In Dhanding): ''Four irrigation channels irrigating Raikare and Jafadi (i.e. confiscated Birta) lands in Gajuritar have been damaged, and rice-lands assigned (as Jagir) to the army may remain uncultivated. The entire people of that area, including mohis appointed on a permanent basis, shall contribute Jhara labor for the repair of these irrigation channels. Restore these channels to their original condition. Do not work elsewhere on Jhara basis. All mohis have been cultivating (rice-lands) until 1886 Vikrama shall do so on payment



of the prescribed kut rents and others dues. The landlord (Talsing) shall not evict them. Any person who acts in contravention of these regulations, thereby keeping the (Jagir) lands of the army uncultivated, shall be punished.'' (44/12-13).

^ Appointment of Priest

(Jestha Badi 5, 1887)

Ramnath Jogi was appointed priest of the Sri Ratannath temple in Dang. He succeeded Gopinath Jogi, who had died. (44/13).

Purchases in Brahmadeo-Mandi

(Jestha Badi 10, 1887)

Royal order to the Ijaradar of Brahmadeo-Mandi. Nawab Fouz Mohammed Khan had sent the following communication to the government of Nepal: ''Previously, when our men visited Bramhadeo-Mandi to purchase falcons, animals, etc, they did not face any obstruction. They use to make purchases easily. These days, much obstruction is caused. I therefore request that an order be sent to officials at Brahmadeo-Mandi not to cause any obstruction.'' The officials were accordingly ordered: "When the men sent by the Nawab come to Brakmadeo-mandi to purchase falcons, animals, etc for the personal use of the Nawab, they shall be permitted to do so at the current prices on payment of the prescribed duties. You shall be punished severely if you collected additional payments and cause any obstruction.'' (44/14-15).

^ Allowance to Guru Panditraj Ranganath Pandit

(Jestha Badi 13, 1887)

The Ijaradar of mines in areas between Sanga-Sindhu and Nagre was directed to pay Rs 4,000 to meet the expenses of Guru Panditraj Ranganath Pandit. (44/15).

Reveue Collection in Doti

(Jestha Badi 14, 1887).

Chautariya Pushkar Shah had given an contract (Thek) to Kathayat for the collection of revenue amounting to Rs 102.



and 6½ annas from twelve homesteads in the village of Gahiragaun in the Chauki-Garkha of Doti district during the revenue settlement of 1882 Vikrama. The grant was now confirmed through royal order. (44/16).

^ Moratorium on Debts.

(Jestha Sudi 1, 1887).

Kaviraj Basnyat had submitted the following petition: ''My son, Vamshraj Basnyat, has incurred heavy debts. Because of the fear of his creditors, he has gone abroad. In case some arrangement is sanctioned for the creditors, I will recall my son and pay the debts back gradually.'' A royal order was the issued to the creditors not to demand repayment for ten years. (44/16-17).

^ Payment of Salaries

(Jestha Sudi 2, 1887)

Subba Kulananda Jha, Ijaradar for mines in the area situated between Sanga-Sindhu and Negre, was directed to pay salaries amounting to Rs 250 to Nilagribananda Upadhyaya Bhaju, and Rs Chamu Singh, from payments due for the Vikrama 1887. (44/17).

^ Payment of Salary

(Jestha Sudi 5, 1887)

Captain Birabhandra Kunwar was authorized to draw Patna Rs 1856 from the proceeds of Salami fees collected from Chaudharis and Kangoyes in Saptari and Mahottari and deposited at the Kausi Tosakhana (44/18).

^ Appointment of Priest

(Jestha Sudi 11, 1887)

Appointment of a priest at the temple of Gokarneshwar (in Kathmandu), with 600 muris of khet lands as Guthi. The priest is allowed to appropriate the surplus income. (44/18-18).



^ Copper-Mining Contract

(Jestha Sudi 11, 1887).

Subbas Kulananda Jha was given a one-year contract (Ijara) for operating copper mines at Kulekhani and elsewhere. He was under obligation to supply 2,275 dharnis of pure copper to the government arsenal every year. Kulananda Jha also held a monopoly in the sale of copper in these areas, and exercised judicial authority over the local inhabitants. (44/19-20).

^ Repair of Temples

(Jestha Sudi 11, 1887)

Umanath Padhya was granted possession on the Guthi lands of Sri Gopinath and Sri Jagannath temples for ten years and exempted from payment of tax (Mahasul) thereon on condition that he repaired the temples. (44/22).

^ Appointment of Naike

(Jestha Sudi 11, 1887)

Ramasundar was appointed chief (Naike) of Newar traders in Lhasa, replacing Laxmisundar, in an annual salary of Rs 1,000. (44/24-25).

Appointment of Mukhiyas in Panchthapala, Salyan

(Jestha Sudi 13, 1887)

Contractors appointed after the 1882 (Vikrama) revenue settlement in Panchthapala, Salyan, and newly-appointed village Mukhiyas quarreled. The Mukhiyas were then made responsible for the collection of the contract (Thek) revenue as stipulated in 1882. (44/26).

^ Pasture Lands in Panchguan, Salyan

(Jestha Sudi 15, 1887).

Lands being used for pasturage by the inhabitants of Panchgaun were granted to Indu Kanwar by local authorities in Salyan. The inhabitants complained, and the grant was cancelled. (44/27).



Revenue on Istimrar Mokarri Land

(Ashadh Badi 1, 1887)

Receipt for revenue amounting paid by Basant Raut on his Istimrar Mokarri lands in Bara, as well as proceeds of pasturage tax (Kascharai) in the Bariya-Soti area. Total amount: Rs 3,791. (44/28-29).

^ Payment of Customs Duties

(Ashadh Badi 8, 1887)

Birta-owners and Jagirdars in Saptari district were appropriating revenue from customs duties on goods exchanged between Nepal and India. They were prohibited to do so, and were reminded that they were entitled to appropriate only the proceeds of duties payable on commodities produced in the area under their jurisdiction. (44/29-30).

^ Confirmation of Land-holding

(Ashadh Badi 8, 1887)

Two brothers, Tuising and Juluing [………], were cultivating 39 ropanis of jagir rice-lands in Panga. Their possession of these lands on payment of the customary rents (kut) was reconfirmed. (44/30).

^ Tax Exemption

(Ashadh Badi 9, 1889)

Dhirja Vaidya, who had conducted variolation on a royal prince, was granted exemption from forced-labor obligations (Jhara, Beth, Begar), and from payment of Sahanapal (a levy collection to finance the wages of guards who prevented cattle from straying into fields) and Dhalwa (a levy collected to finance the wages of persons who looked after irrigation channels. (44/30-31).

^ Gift of Elephant

(Ashadh Badi 10, 1887).

Dittha Balabhadra Joshi and other officials of the Elephant Office were ordered to hand over a four-cubit elephant to Mahan Umrao Giri as a farewell gift. (44/31).


Homesite Grant to Rangalal Chaudhari

(Ashadh Badi 14, 1887)

35 bighas of land at Pakariya in Saptari district, owned by Rangalal Chaudhari, was given to him as a homesite (Gharbari) for construction of a house with a tile roof. The land was made tax-exempt, except for royal palace levies (Raja-Anka). (14/31032).

^ Thekbandi Revenue from Thak

(Ashadh Badi 30, 1887)

A one-year Thekbandi contract, amounting to Rs 12,501, for revenue due from there. (44/32-33).

Appointment of Chaudhari

(Ashadh Sudi 2, 1887)

Royal order appointing Damodar Mishra as Chaudhari for the collection of revenue in Rautahat. (44/34-35).

^ Contract for Operation of Iron Mines

(Ashadh Sudi, 7, 1887)

Hari Krishna Newar was granted a one-year contract, on payment of Rs 1,001, for operating iron mines in Majhakirat, and also for collecting taxes in mining area. (44/35-36).

Labor Services for Gunpowder Factories

(Ashadh Sudi 8, 1887)

The unpaid-labor services of inhabitants of Thimi town and adjoining villages (other than Jaisis, Upadhyayas, and soldiers serving in the army) were assigned to the gunpowder factories of Thimi and Sankhu. The laborers were required ''to grind gunpowder, fetch firewood, charcoal, etc., make grinding stones, and do other work as ordered by the chief (Dittha) of the factory.'' The order added, ''In case any person defaults in his duties, he shall be punished severely. Workers employed in these gunpowder factories shall not be evicted



from their lands. Jagirdas shall not increase the rents being paid by these workers on their lands and homesteads. These workers shall be granted 50 percent remission in the Saunefagu levy…. Members of new families created through subdivision shall also be employed in the gunpowder factories. In case any worker remains absent, two annas shall be collected as fine for every day of such absence, if he has been employed in making grinding-stones, and four annas per load of fire-wood, if he has been employed in fetching firewood. Workers shall be given holidays as follows:-

Bisket festival … 5 days

Dewali … 1 ''

Sithi festival … 1 ''

Hile festival … 1 ''

Ghantakarna-Chaturdashi … 1 ''

Dashain … 5 ''

Tihar … 2 ''

Ghodejatra … 1 ''

Full-moon (Purnima)

days in the months of

Bhadra, Aswin, Kartik

and Marga … 4 ''

Maghe-Sankranti … 1 ''

Sri-Panchami … 1 ''

Ashadh … 15 ''

Marga … 15 '' (44/37-39)

^ Funds Sanctioned

(Ashadh Sudi 8, 1887)

Subba Prayag Datta Jaishi was ordered to pay Rs 45,001 from revenues collected under Ijara (contract) from land tax (Mal) and timber exports (Kathmandu) in Morang district from meeting the expenses of the Kausi Tosakhana. (44/39).



^ Maintenance of Rest-House and Water-spout

(Ashadh Sudi 8, 1887)

''Our father had constructed a rest-house and a golden water-spout (Sundhara) near the Tundikhel. We hereby assign 181 muris of rice lands to the caretakers and artisans employed to repair and maintain them. Full exemption from unpaid-labor obligations and payment of miscellaneous taxes and levies has been granted to them.'' (44/39-40).

^ Appointment of Mechanic

(Ashadh Sudi 10, 1887)

Sitaram, a mechanic, was appointment on a monthly salary of Rs 20. (44/40).

Thekbandi for Mines in Achham

(Ashadh Sudi 12, 1887)

A Thekbandi arrangement for operating iron mines at Panchgaun in Achham district had been made on payment of Rs 401 every year. The local inhabitants complained that they were also being compelled to supply 360 dharnis of iron to the munitions factory at Silgadhi. This obligation was therefore cancelled, and the Thekbandi revenue was increased to Rs 411 yearly. (44/42).



^ Glossary of Selected Terms

Bika[.]ta[.] … Dead of transfer of Jimidari holding.

Jhora[.] … Forests containing interior timber.

Ka[.]thmaha[.]l … Commercial sale of timber.

Nimya[.]k … Compensation.

Pasuban … Compensation paid to a husband by a person with whom

his wife has eloped.

Prajawat … A Levy imposed on leather, workers, oil-men, weavers, etc.

in the far-western Tarai. (51/120).

Sira[.] … Forests containing valuable timbet.

Sivapurusana[.]ma[.] … A dead executed to grant freedom to a slave.

Thigurimaha[.]l … Sale of timber for domestic and agriculture purposes.



^ Some Administration Office of the Rana Period

Figures inside parenthesis refer to the volume and page number in the Regmi Research Collections.

Alainchi Dadani Adda

This office supplied advances to producers for the supply of cardamom, which was covered by a state monopoly. (58/600, 648).

^ Bandobast Kachahari

A central office responsible for Tarai affairs. For instance, a statement of supplies required by elephant offices in the Tarai was submitted by the Mal Kachahari to the Bandobast Kachahari and from there to the Dafdarkhana Kumarichok. (10/35).

^ Basantapur Moth Tahabil

Funds loaned by government loan offices to traders and others were recovered through this office. (52/193).

Basantapur Tahabil Adda

This office supplied loans against the security of Birta lands and other property, as well as against personal surety. (33/92).

^ Bhandarkhal Tahabil Adda

This office supplied loans to individuals against the security of immovable property. (56/381).

Dalan Kachahari

This office was created by Jung Bahadur some time before 1853 to dispose of disputes relating to the Jagir land assignment of himself as well as his four sons. (33/175). In 1862, this office was made responsible for the disposal of disputes concerning Kaski and Lamjung, Birta and Guthi lands of Jung Bahadur's family, Daijo lands of his daughters and daughters-in-law in the entire country and also Rakam services of selected categories. (33/465).




The Dharmakachari, or Anti-corruption Court, was established by Prime Minister Jung Bahadur in 1870 A.D. ''to try case of bribery, corruption, maladministration, violation of the law and the like, involving offices of all ranks (including Ranas) from the Prime Minister downwards.'' According to Baburam Acharya, ''Jung Bahadur had a political motive in creating this court, namely, to downgrade his brothers by bringing false charges against them and to upgrade his sons. The Kachahari was headed by an officer of the rank of Subba, and consisted of eleven members. It was dissolved by Prime Minster Ranoddip Singh in 1878.''1 According to another source,2 ''During his later years, Jang Bahadur was dissatisfied with the manner in which his brothers functioned. He therefore formed a Dharmakachahari to hear cases of corruption against members of the Rana family. Ranoddip Singh and Jagat Shamsher were held guilty to taking brides. But no charge was proved against Dhir Shamsher.''

The following order was issued in the name of Lt. General Bambir Birkam Bahadur Kunwar Rana, a son of Prime Minister Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana, on Ashadh Sudi 1, 1933:3

''The Dharmakachahari had held that a sum of Rs 874/4 is due on the surplus (Ukas, Jagera) lands of the Bhairung battalion (Paltan), which has under the command of your father, Prime Minister Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana, for the (Vikrama) year 1908. This sum will be realized from you. Your father had also looked after all civil and military affairs, and all revenue functions throughout the country. Since he is now dead, we hereby pardon your for all amounts which he may have appropriated himself, instead of depositing them at the proper places, while discharging these functions, except amounts obtained by him as loans. We also thereby order that your sons shall not be held liable in the future for whatever Prime Minister Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana may have done.''

On Baisakh Sudi 9, 1909, a royal order had been issued in the name of Commander-in-chief General Bam Bahadur Kunwar Rana, a summary of which is as follow:4 ''During a period of four years six months, and seventeen days between Aswin Badi 13, 1903 and Chaitra Sudi 15, 1907, you had obtained loans, both in cash and in kind, from the Kausi Tosakhana, and had also made repayments from time to time. The net amount due from you as certified as Rs 9,631/15 by the following officers: Kaji Umakanta Padhya Khanjanchi Shiva Prasad Arjyal, Subba Brajamohan Padhya, Ditthas



Haridas and Shamsher Bhandari, Tahabildar Dhirjabir, Mukhiyas Ananda Govinda, Bhimarudra Dhwaj Jaisi, Ramasundar and Kumananda. A sun of Rs 6,000 has been written off, and the balance of Rs 3631/15 has been recovered from you. The accounts were scrutinized in the presence of Kaji Dilli Singh Basnyat, Bada Captain Sanak Singh Khatri, Amin Subba Siddhiman Singh Rajbhandari, Subba Umanath Upadhyaya, Subba Shivanarsing, Subba Hridayarama of the Kumarichok Dafdarkhana, and Mukhiyas Shambhu Nath Das and Ramharan, Pradhan Naran Singh and Mukhiya Gajadhar of the kadelchok, and Mukhiya Tikadatta Pande of the Sadar Dafdarkhana.''

^ Ijaradar Praman Adda

A central office which scrutinized applications, petitions, complaints, etc. before forwarding them to the Kaushal Adda. (32/555).

Kaushal Adda

Kaushal/_was a corrupt form of ''Council''. This office was created in 1851. it drafted the 1854 Legal Code. Later, it turned into a regular government office which handed petitions, etc. to referred to the Prime Minister. (32/555).

^ Mal Kachahari

District revenue collection offices in the Tarai. (10/35).

Mehinaike Bandobast Adda

This office was responsible for the appointment, work, etc of Mahinaikes in Kathmandu Valley. (16/107).

Naya Muluk Bandobast Adda

This office which looked after administration and developmental affairs in the ''Naya Muluk'' districts of the far-western Tarai. (57/2, 62/69).

^ Naya Muluk Rakam Goswara

An office which looked after revenue administration in the ''Naya Muluk'' districts of the far-western Tarai. (61/337).



Sadar Jangi Kotwalo Thana

Central police station in Kathmandu. (33/206).

Tejarath Adda

This office located in Kathmandu, arranged for remittances through the treasury (Mulukikhana). (52/236, 61/280).



1. Satish Kumar, Rana Polity in Nepal (Mombay: Asia Publishing House, 1867), P. 104.

2. Kashonath Acharya Dikshit, ''Bayalis Sal'' (The Year 1942 Vikrama). Nepali (Quarterly), Magh-Chaitra 2016 (January-March 1960). P. 29.

3. Yogi Naraharinath (ed.), Itihas Prakashama Sandhi Patra-Sangraha (A Collection of treaties in lights on history). (Dang: the editor, 2022/_1966_/, pt. 1, P. 179.

4. Ibid, PP. 171-76.


Land Taxes in DangX

1. From Commanding-General Dhir Shumsher Jung Bahadur,

To Subba Jayashankar Pande.

The Chaudharies and Mahatos of Dang have submitted the following report: ''On Raikar lands, (taxes) have been remitted (on plots allotted to) plowhands and other agriculture laborers. The territories comprising the Rajya of Salyan will not became populous, if some tax concessions are not granted there. The ryots demand that they should be given the facilities that have been sanctioned in the adjoining areas.''

Reports have been received from the revenue office (Mal Kachahari) of the Rajya that the ryots will be satisfied, and lands will be reclaimed, if (the land tax) is reduced to one-seventh (of the produce) in those villages (mouja) where it is being collected at present at the rate of one-sixth, and to one-sixth (of the produce) in these villages where it is being collected at present at the rate of one-fifth, as in Chitaun.

On Karkit Badi 9, 1935 (Vikrama) we have approved this proposal. However, no tax-remission was allowed (for plots occupied by) plowhands and other agricultural laborers. We hereby confirm that order.

Baisakh Badi 2, 1936 (Vikrama).

2. From Commanding-General Dhir Shumsher Jung Bahadur,

To Subba Jayashankar Pande.

You have submitted the following proposal: ''Unirrigable lands in Tuhi, Babaipar, and other areas of Dang, are lying waste because of the depredations of tigers, bears, and wild board. Ryots have removed rocks and boulders from these lands and reclaimed them. If the tax on such lands is fixed on a contractual basis at Rs 2½ per plow, it would be collected easily, and settlement would be promoted there. Otherwise, the ryots will continue occupying these lands, and no revenue will be collected from them.''

We hereby approve this proposal. We also direct that new ryots should not be made liable to make the same payments as these cultivating old lands.''

Ashadh Badi 10, 1938 (Vikrama).


XYogi Naraharinath, op. cit. P. 428.



Download 0.76 Mb.
Date conversion21.12.2012
Size0.76 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   15
Place this button on your site:

The database is protected by copyright ©exdat 2000-2012
При копировании материала укажите ссылку
send message