And The Concerned Department University Of Calicut Submitted by icon

And The Concerned Department University Of Calicut Submitted by

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Tour Report


Submitted to:

The Head of the Dept:

Dept: of Travel & Tourism Management.

Pazhassi Raja College


The Concerned Department

University Of Calicut
Submitted by
In Partial Fulfillment of
Master of Tourism Administration

Pazhassi Raja College pulpally

Under the university of Calicut.


I express my gratitude to Mr. Anoop Philip Coordinator, MTA,(Master Of Tourism Administration) Pazhassi Raja College, Pulpally for his guidance, careful examination of the draft and valuable suggestions in the preparation of this tour report. I express my profound thanks for his noble efforts, personal involvement and valuable suggestions.

I extend my sincere thanks to ^ Mr. Shineesh lecturer, Department of Travel and Tourism, Pazhassi Raja College Pulpally for this valuable advises and encouragements to complete this work

I would like to express my sincere thanks to our Principal Fr. Mathew Baby CMI, for their constant support rendered to me during the course of my study.

I express my thanks to the staff of the various tourist spots that I visited during the travel.



I ANEESH C S, hereby declare that this Tour Report is a bonafide record of work done by me in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Master of Tourism Administration” under University of Calicut and this report has not been previously presented for the award of any degree, diploma, fellowship or other similar title of any other university, institutions and society.

Place :

Date :




This is to certify that Mr ANEESH C S,is a Master of Tourism Administration student of Pazhassiraja College. For the purpose of partial fulfilment of the Degree Master of Tourism Administration(MTA), has done a Report on Study Tour.


I further certify that this material has not been submitted for any other Degree, Diploma, and fellowship by any person of the best of my knowledge.

Place : Pulpally

Date :

Guided by

Mrs Sindhu Joseph

Lecturer, Dept Tourism

Forwarded by

Dr. Robinet Jacob ,

Head of the Departmet Principal,

Fr. Mathew Baby CMI

Pazhassiraja College.


Chapter -1


About the report

main purpose of study tour

importance of study tour


tourism in india-the heart of india


Nepal - the land of hills and valleys

Kathmandu - The Land of Temples

Pokhara – City with a Combination of Nature and Culture


INDIA - For­ All Seasons All Reasons

Konkan Railway:a Marvel on Many Counts

Chapter- 4


Chapter- 5


Chapter - 6


Chapter - 7





Introduction to tourism

Tourism has been a major social phenomenon of the societies all along. It is motivated by the natural urge of every human being for new experience, adventure, education and entertainment. The motivations for tourism also include social, religious and business interests. The spread of education has fostered a desire to know more about different parts of the globe. The basic human thirst for new experience and knowledge has become stronger, as technological advances are overcoming communication barriers. Progress in air transport and development of tourist facilities has encouraged people to venture out to the foreign lands. 1.02 Tourism’s importance, as an instrument for economic development and employment generation, particularly in remote and backward areas, has been well recognized the world over. It is the largest service industry globally in terms of gross revenue as well as foreign exchange earnings. Tourism can play an important and effective role in achieving the growth with equity objectives which we have set for ourselves. 1.03 Tourism is one economic sector in India that has the potential to grow at a high rate and can ensure consequential development of the infrastructure of the destinations. It has the capacity to capitalize on the country’s success in the services sector and provide sustainable models of growth. 1.04 It has the potential to stimulate other economic sectors through its backward and forward linkages and cross-sectoral synergies with sectors like agriculture , horticulture, poultry, handicrafts, transport, construction, etc. Expenditure on tourism induces a chain of transactions requiring supply of goods and services from these related sectors. The consumption demand, emanating from tourist expenditure, also induces more employment and generates a multiplier effect on the economy. As a result, additional income and employment opportunities are generated through such linkages. Thus, the expansion of the tourism sector can lead to large-scale employment generation and poverty alleviation. The economic benefits that flow into the economy through growth of tourism in shape of increased national and State revenues, business receipts, employment, wages and salary income, buoyancy in Central, State and local tax receipts can contribute towards overall socio-economic improvement and accelerated growth in the economy. 1.05 Tourism is overwhelmingly an industry of Private sector service Providers, although the public sector has a significant role to play in infrastructure areas either directly or through Public Private Partnership mode. It is a multi-sectoral activity characterized by multiple services provided by a range of suppliers. It is quite similar to manufacturing industry, where the supply chain is as important as the end product. The related sectors include airlines, Surface transport, hotels, basic infrastructure and facilitation systems, etc. Thus, the growth of tourism cannot be attained unless the issues related to all the sectors are addressed simultaneously. 1.06 Another important feature of the tourism industry, which is of particular significance to India, is its contribution to national integration and preservation of natural as well as cultural environments and enrichment of the social and cultural lives of people. Over 382 million domestic tourists visiting different parts of the country every year return with a better understanding of the people living in different regions of the country. They have a better appreciation of the cultural diversity of India. Tourism also encourages preservation of monuments and heritage properties and helps the survival of arts forms, crafts and culture. 1.07 It is also important to note that tourism has become an instrument for sustainable human development including: • Poverty elimination • Environmental regeneration • Job creation; and • Advancement of women and other disadvantaged groups. Scale of Global tourism 1.08 According to the World Tourism Organization (WTO), the year 2005 saw more than 800 million international tourist arrivals, and the tourism receipts were of the order of US $ 682 billion. The World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) for 2006 forecasts that travel and tourism will generate 234 million direct and indirect jobs world-wide, accounting for 8.7% of the global employment, and it will contribute up to 10.3% of the global GDP. According to the same estimate, the global travel and tourism activity is expected to increase by 4.7% between 2007 and 2016. Scale of India tourism 1.09 there has been a remarkable growth in the last three years, in foreign tourist arrival to India due to the various efforts made, including promoting India through the ‘Incredible India’ campaign in overseas markets. It has increased by about 65% from a level of 2.38 million in 2002 to 3.92 million in 2005, while the foreign exchange earnings have grown by about 96% during the same period. The Tourism satellite accounting for India has brought out that Tourism’s contribution to GDP of the country has been 5.9% in 2003-04, while employment in tourism sectors both direct and indirect, has been 41.8 million in the same year which accounts for 8.78% of total employment in the country. Though the growth in tourism in India has been impressive, India’s share in global tourist arrivals and earnings is quite in significant .It is universally acknowledged that the tourism resources in the country have the potential to generate significantly higher levels of demand from the domestic and international markets, and, if exploited intelligently in a sustainable manner, can prove to be the proverbial engine of growth for the economy.

Meaning and Definition

Simply defined, Tourism can be considered as the movement of people away from their normal place of residence. The activities undertaken by the millions of Tourists around the world in a given period of time may be described as Tourism.

According to Swiss Prof: Hunziker and Krapf “Tourism is the totality of relationship and phenomenon arising from the travel and stay of strangers provided the stay doesn’t imply the establishment of a permanent residence and is not connected with any enumerated activity”.

Hermann. V. Schullard, an Austrian economist, in the year 1910, gave one of the earliest definitions of Tourism .He defines Tourism as “The some total of the operators mainly of an economic nature, which directly relates to the entry, stay and movement of foreigners inside and outside a certain country, city or region”.

The Tourism Society in Britain had also attended to clarify the concept in the year 1976 as follows “Tourism is the temporary short term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work and their activities during their stay at these destinations; it include movement of all purposes, as well as day visit or excursions’.

Importance and Scope of Tourism

The great Tourism phenomenon as being, witnessed today as a visible result of the great waves of technology, which have changed the social geography of the world since the late 19th century. In the beginning it was a railroad system which opened up the continent and made possible the great 19th century industrial tones and cities. This was followed by the introduction of motorcars. Finally we have the Aero planes, which, when, linked with rising affluence has led to a whole world practically on neighborhood and has made travel on easy affair. Today millions of people seem to enjoy the prospect of moving from one continent to another in a matter of hours.

Today, the benefits of Tourism are not to be judged in terms of economic benefits alone. Tourism has wider implications encompassing not only economic benefits, but also social cultural benefits as well. From social and cultural point of view there is enough evidence to support the fact that Tourism and travel unquestionly produce in interaction between the cultural customs of the visitor and those of the host population. Cultural is a fertile ground for exercising creative talents, fostering special kind of relations, between the Tourist and host environment. It exhibits the Tourist’s to form a view of his present word and a global concept of his historic past.

The economic benefits to a country by the way of foreign exchange on the other hand, are however the prime motives for various nations to promote Tourism. Tourism is an important source of maximizing foreign exchange earnings for not only the developing countries but for many developed countries of the world as well.

The most important economic benefit of Tourism is the earnings of foreign exchange. The receipt from international Tourism provides a valuable source of earnings. This is enjoyed more by the developing countries like India. The income from Tourism has tended to increase a higher rate than merchandise export to a number of countries. There is now almost an ensured channel of financial flows from the richer countries to the not so rich and developing ones, raising the letters export earnings and rate of economic growth. Tourism is thus, a most importance source of income for many countries.

Without taking into account concepts from domestic Tourism. International Tourism receipts alone contribute a great deal. The flow of moneys generated by tour of spending multiples as it passes through various sections of the economy. In addition to an important source of income, Tourism provides a number of other economic benefits, which vary in importance from one country to another depending upon the nature and scale of Tourism .The benefits from infrastructure investment, justified primarily for Tourism such as Air Ports, Roads, Water Supply and other public utilities may be widely shared by other sector of economy.


This report is real account of the international study tour conducted as part of the second semester, Masters of Tourism Admininstration, Carriculam the study tour was conducted as part of completion of the syllabus of post graduate in tourism. From Pazhassiraja Collage, which is affiliated University of Calicut, two of our teachers also escorted (Mr. Anoop Philip, Mr. Babu)

  • To impact First hand knowledge about major tourist centers in India & Nepal.

  • Make a study on the basic infrastructure facilities in the centers visited.

  • To access the positive and Negative side effects of Tourism in the centers visited.

  • Point out new facilities to be provided in the Tourism destinations

  • Understand cultural differences and various life styles of people in different part of India & Nepal

  • Make awareness on Geography of two nations.

  • Experience the importance of the historic monuments

  • Make a comparative study of different tourist centers in India & Nepal

  • Prepare a detailed report on the observations and experiences of the study tour.


  • To undestand the growths and importance of tourism in different parts of the coundry

  • To find out the importance given by people a historical and cultural places

  • To suggest the methods to improve the facilities of this places

  • To prepare details international study tour report



Tourism, the second largest income earning industry is also known as a smoke less one. It had gained a lot to the nation. The main motto of Tourism is that invites a stranger and send back as a friend. Tourism not only earns foreign money, but also their mind and interest too.

As we are doing Master’s degree in Tourism, study tour is part of our curriculum. This study tour gave us a practical study of the Tourism term. Our trip was mainly focused on the destinations, which placed the name of India in worlds Tourism map. Becoming the eyewitness of the great monuments of love “Taj Mahal” was a nice experience.

Also we had an international trip to Nepal, which gave us an opportunity to study the culture and traditions of the people over there. There also we lacked the fluency in their language. Because of this we are not able to interact with the people in Nepal.

Study tour was no only a pleasure trip but also we could get many things to study and understand from our experiences. We could understand the different culture, heritage, lifestyles of people who lived in different places and circumstances. Their language, dressing style and everything is varied in nature.

This trip also gave us some more information about the industry. Potential of Tourism, what are the attractions of a tourists, what changes will be happen, what will be a tourists interests, wishes and wants, how can we help them and improve this industry, totally how does tourists destination functions.

Totally study tour is must to create awareness about the potentials of Tourism and to experience the real living situations of mankind. We all enjoyed the trip and it had helped us to understand various cultural and different lifestyles of people in India.


The capital of India and also the capital of golden triangle. It has helped making the circuit the prime destination for any overseas tourists. Although sometimes Delhi’s historical sites Red Fort, Qutab Minar. The fact of the matter is that the above mentioned monuments do not find a parallel anywhere else in the world.


One of the world wonders is situated here, Taj Mahal. In Tagore’s words, it is the “Tear Drop o f Love on the Cheek of time.” The best architects built it and craftsmen from India, Persia, Central Asia, Arabia and Italy were engaged to build this magnificent monument of love.


The word “Nepal” was derived from the word “Nepa:” which refers to the Newar Kingdom of Kathmandu Valley and surrounding areas, before the unification of Nepal. The Newars, a lingual community (derived from various ethnicities) of present day Nepal, are believed to be among the earliest settlers of the Kathmandu valley called "Nepa:". The Nepal Sambat calendar, named after this Newar kingdom and devised 1100 years ago, is still one of the major calendars used in Nepal and testifies to its antiquity.

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