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Asha for Education


Asha for Education


Asha for Education

P.O.BOX 641741, San Jose, CA 95164

Please attach additional sheets wherever necessary. Thank you for your time and patience.

Date of Report July 20, 2010

Annual report for the year June 2009 to May 2010

Name of the organization


(Rural Education, Welfare And Resource Development Trust)

Regn No. 1057 / 2006

Date of Establishment

Functioning as a voluntary group since 1990.



Dept of Atomic Energy Township

ANUPURAM 603 127

Kanchipuram District

Tamil Nadu

Description of area

The trust has kept villages around Kalpakkam as its primary focus. This region falls under Thirukazhukundram , Thiruporur & Lathur taluks of the Kanchipuram Dt.

Contact Person(s)




Dept of Atomic Energy Township

ANUPURAM 603 127

Kanchipuram District

Tamil Nadu

Phone number

044 -274 82090

(cell 9865 605 199)

^ Number of children enrolled in the project

This project is for appointing teachers in collaboration with Parents Teachers Association (PTA) in Government schools. Therefore enrollment is regular and annual. This year the number of schools and teachers have increased. As of June 2010, roughly around 7000 students across 18 government schools are being taught by around 41 Reward teachers.

Current Boy/Girl ratio

  1. Vengappakkam Govt High School 172 : 170

  2. Vayalur Govt High School 315 : 289

  3. Natham Govt High School 135 : 161

  4. Nerumbur Govt High School (ADW) 133 : 140 + ( 58 :60 ) (Primary)

  5. Paiyanoor Govt High School 215 : 145

  6. Manamai Govt Higher Sec. School (ADW) 197 : 188 + ( 87: 96 ) (Primary)

  7. Vittilapuram Govt Middle School 155 : 145

  8. Paramasivam Ngr Govt Middle School(ADW) 107 : 114

  9. Koovathur Govt Higher Sec School 738 : 723

  10. Pandur Govt High School 169 : 163

  11. Neelamangalam Govt Middle School 80 : 78

  12. Thondamanallur Govt Middle School 70 : 76

  13. Koovathur Govt Primary School (ADW) 75 : 82

  14. Parameswara Mangalam Govt Middle School 71 : 75

  15. Sooradi Mangalam Govt High School 213: 210

  16. Sogandi Govt High School 55 : 74

  17. Thiruvadhur Govt Higher Secondary 718 : 611

  18. Kuzhipanthandalam Govt High School 170 :160

Over all school attendance percentage

On an average above 90%

Medium of instruction


Long –term goals of the project (mention any changes you foresee) with respect to education:

Upgradation of Government Primary, Middle and High schools to Higher Secondary schools

No rural student should walk more than 2 kms (25 minutes) for studies upto Class 12 in Government Schools. So we enable the villages to get the school upgraded by paying the Public Deposit Money to the Tamilnadu State government. This part of the work is done through donations from the IGCAR officers via the officers association (AARCO – VIP) [Association of the Atomic Research Centre Officers -- Village Interaction Programme ]

The following schools have been upgraded so far:

  1. Sadras High Upgraded to Higher Secondary School (1999)

Was a high school since 1970; AARCO-VIP gave Rs 90,000/-

Sadras Village Rs 1,10,000/-

  1. Vengapakkam Middle Upgraded to High School (2003)

Was a middle school since 1980; AARCO-VIP gave Rs 40,000/-

Vengapakkam Village Rs 60,000/-

  1. Vayalur Middle Upgraded to High School (2004)

Was a middle school since 1969; AARCO-VIP gave Rs 40,000/-

Vayalur Village Rs 60,000/-

  1. Kuzhipanthandalam Middle Upgraded to High School ( 2008)

Was a middle school since 1960; AARCO-VIP gave Rs 40,000/-

Kuzhipanthandalam Village Rs 60,000/-

The Government is thinking of doing away with the Public Deposit requirement for upgrading schools. Hence funding this activity may no longer be required once the Public Deposit is waived

Improving infrastructure in these government schools:

Building of a good science laboratory, library, pucca class rooms, a good auditorium cum exam hall with proper furniture, a good play ground depending upon the contribution from motivate funding agencies.

Helping PTA in appointment of teachers: (Our ideal 1:20 for first generation learners)

Most of the govt. schools do not have enough teachers appointed by the Govt. As on date the govt. has filled up over 20000 vacancies. But they have not created the new posts needed to cater to newly upgraded schools and the increased student population. As a consequence most of the schools we are helping are neither having their full complement of teachers nor the required subject specific teachers. Till such appointments are made – sometimes it can take a few years --- the local PTA has to shoulder the responsibility of appointing teachers. Since most of the PTA is starved of funds, they do so only on the basis of external support. (The Govt has now ordered the PTA not to collect any extra money from students)

This activity will continue for sometime, since the ideal teacher student ratio for village children is 1:20. The Govt. has in principle agreed for a 1:30 teacher: student ratio. However, they are yet to achieve 1:40 in all the schools.

Scholarships for Higher Studies:

With more and more students crossing the 400 / 500 (80%) marks in the Class X and Class XII State Board examinations, there is a growing demand for financial assistance for these first generation children to go for their higher studies (diploma). With more girls completing Class XII, demand for Undergraduate Courses is also on the rise.

To create a path to higher education and to create role models in the community, Reward is starting a Support a Child program for providing Higher Education scholarships for students graduating from the Reward supported government schools. 11 scholarships have been provided, starting June 2009 and 11 more will be provided starting June 2010 (pending chapter approval).

Creating a Problem Solving Environment & Rewarding

The next goal in our long term perspective is to cajole & nudge the students to glide away from the existing rote learning methods. We are thinking of creating & conducting a scaled down version of NTSE, (National Talent Science Examinations) / IIT (Indian Institute of Technology) kind of problem solving exams. The aim is to allow rural-based students to eventually compete on par with urban-based students in the national competitive examinations. Equally important is to inculcate a culture of problem solving as against a culture of rote learning.

Some of the better teachers that REWARD has appointed can gradually be shifted to take care of this program.

^ Description of current trust activities

  • REWARD TRUST in this year 2009 – 2010, worked with 18 Govt. schools and a maximum of 43 teachers.

  • Currently 43 teachers are appointed in 18 government schools around Kalpakkam. 4 more teachers would be appointed in Kuzhipanthandalam school (that was upgraded using AARCO funds) after a new HM takes over in a new building.

  • We conducted teacher training sessions every month.

  • We started starting the Higher Ed SAC program in June 2009 and provided 11 college scholarships to selected students from the villages we work in. 11 more students will be added in 2010 as part of the 2009 funded program.

  • 3 of the schools are Adi Dravidar Welfare Board schools which is a separate government body set up to address the needs of the AdiDravidar Dalit community.

How do you need to improve these facilities?

Several middle schools have started getting computers from the govt. But teachers to handle them have not been appointed. Situation on the building has improved a lot in the last three years. But laboratory & library facilities have not come up. We should attempt to build a common laboratory and library facility for a cluster of schools and should be manned by persons employed by REWARD. It should preferably run on a 24 X 7 mode so that students can come depending upon their scheduling difficulties.

How do you think the children have improved in the last year? Please include progress reports of all the children, attendance reports and general comments about overall growth of each child.

A total of about 7000 students spread over 18 Govt. schools are directly benefiting from this project.

As a result of adding roughly 41 teachers from Aug 2005 till present, the outgoing pass percentages have doubled, tripled and sometimes quadrupled as measured by performance in the State wide Public examinations. In addition, there has been a tripling and quadrupling of pass percentages in individual subjects that have been taught by Reward teachers.

The following are the overall pass percentages for the government schools in the Asha Reward program for June 2010 in the Class X and Class XII TamilNadu State Board examinations.

Vengambakkam has given a 92% pass percentage this year. It had given 100% pass percentages for the three consecutive years.

Pandur High School has gone up from 26% in 2008 to 63% in 2010.

Vayalur has gone up from 18% in 2006 to 76% in 2008. It had sustained this performance with a 77% in 2009 but has decreased to 59% this year.

Natham High School has gone up from 68% in 2006 to 96% in 2010.

Nerumbur High School had it’s first public exam in 2010 and gave a 60% pass percentage. It became a high school in 2008.

Manamai High School has gone up from 14% in 1995 to 68% in 2008 when Reward added teachers to 74% in 2010.

Koovathur High school has gone up from 37% in 2008 to 57% in 2010.

Thiruvadhur High school has given 49% in 2010 in it’s first year of having Reward teachers appointed.

Manamai Higher Secondary school has increased from 10% in 2005 (first batch) to 74% in 2007 when Reward first added teachers to 70% in 2010.

Thiruvadhur Higher Secondary School in it’s first year of having Reward teachers has given a 46% pass in 2010.

The number of students getting overall percentages above 80% (> 400 / 500) has gone up from 5 in the third year to 61 this year.

Roughly the Reward teachers are bringing about a 90% pass percentage in their classes..with 10 classes having above an 85% pass percentage.

The subject wise pass percentages and overall pass percentages are given below:

X Results June 2010

Vengampakkam High School

Overall Pass Percentage:

June 2005 78%

June 2006 81%

June 2007 100%

June 2008 100%

June 2009 100%

June 2010 92%

# of students above 80%

June 2005 3 (435 / 500)

June 2006 2 (416 / 500)

June 2007 4 (448 / 500)

June 2008 8 (401 / 500 to 464 / 500)

June 2009 7 (452 / 500)

June 2010 4 (428/500)

Subjects taught by REWARD Teachers & pass % June 2010

English (98%)

Science (98%)

Vayalur High School

Overall Pass percentage:

June 2006 18%

June 2007 57%

June 2008 76%

June 2009 77%

June 2010 59%

# of students above 80%

June 2006 0 (352 / 500)

June 2007 1 (411 / 500)

June 2008 7 (461 / 500)

June 2009 4 (432 / 500 )

June 2010 6 (455/500)

Subjects taught by REWARD Teachers & pass % June 2010

Maths ( 85% )

Tamil ( 85% )

Science ( 76% )

Social Science (82% )

Natham High School

Overall Pass percentage:

June 97 3%

June 2006 68%

June 2007 57%

June 2008 74%

June 2009 89%

June 2010 96%

# of students above 80%

June 2006 1 (411 / 500)

June 2007 1 (460 / 500)

June 2008 4 (445 / 500)

June 2009 5 (432 / 500 )

June 2010 11 (467 / 500 )

Subjects taught by REWARD Teachers & pass %

English ( 100% )

Science ( 100% )

Paiyanoor High School (Reward teachers moved to other schools)

Overall Pass percentage:

June 2007 65%

June 2008 71%

June 2009 85%

# of students above 80%:

June 2008 3 (422 / 500)

June 2009 7 (469 / 500)

Subjects taught by REWARD Teachers & pass %

Tamil 85%

Manamai Higher Secondary school

June 2010 Class XII Tamilnadu State Board exam results:

Overall Pass Percentage

June 2005 10%

June 2006 20%

June 2007 73%

June 2008 76%

June 2009 67%

June 2010 70%

Highest Mark: 1093 / 1200

In addition, the subject wise pass percentages of subjects taught by REWARD teachers are given below:

Computer Science 100%

Economics 100%

Biology 94%

June 2010 Class X Tamilnadu State Board exam results:

Overall Pass Percentage

June 1995 14% (first batch)

June 2007 37%

June 2008 68%

June 2009 57%

June 2010 74%

Number of students above 80%

June 2007 0 (386 / 500)

June 2008 3 (453 / 500)

June 2009 4 (428 / 500)

June 2010 3 (441/500)

Subjects handled by Reward teachers

Science 76%

Koovathur High School

Overall Pass Percentage

June 2008 37%

June 2009 42%

June 2010 57%

Number of students above 80%

June 2008 0

June 2009 3 (444 / 500)

June 2010 23 (481 / 500)

Subjects handled by Reward teachers

Tamil 95%

Pandur High School

Overall Pass Percentage

June 2008 26%

June 2009 62%

June 2010 63%

Number of students above 80%

June 2008 0

June 2009 3 (456 / 500)

June 2010 5 (465 / 500)

Subjects handled by Reward teachers

Maths 78 %

Social Science 94 %

Tamil 90 %

Koovathur Higher Secondary School

Overall Pass Percentage

June 2008 42%

June 2009 65%

Number of students above 80%

June 2008 1

June 2009 3

Subjects handled by Reward teachers

Computer Science 100%

Tamil 97%

History 98%

What is the teacher student ratio before and after your appointment of teachers?

These were the student teacher ratios before and after adding Reward teachers, starting in August 2005:

Vayalur 10 govt teachers + 5 Reward teachers: 604 students

Vengapakkam 6 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers: 302 students

Manamai 8 govt teachers + 4 Reward teacher: 470 students

Nerumbur 5 govt teachers + 5 Reward teachers: 395 students

Natham 5 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers: 345 students

Vittilapuram 6 govt teachers + 1 Reward teachers: 290 students

Koovathur 27 govt teachers + 5 Reward teachers : 1461 students

Payyanoor 8 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers : 360 students

Paramasivam 4 govt teachers + 3 Reward teachers : 221 students

Pandur 4 govt teachers + 3 Reward teachers : 332

Neelamangalam 3 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers : 158

Thondamanallur 2 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers : 146

ParameswaraMnglm 3 govt teachers + 2 Reward teachers : 156

SooradiMangalam 13 govt teachers + 1 Reward teachers : 423

Sogandi 1 govt teachers + 3 Reward teachers : 129+40

Thiruvadhur 13 govt teachers + 5 Reward teachers : 1329

Koovathur ADW 1 govt teachers + 3 Reward teachers : 157

Kuzhipanthandalam 4 govt teachers + (4 likely) Reward teachers : 330

So we have reduced teacher student ratios in all schools as follows:

  1. Vayalur 1:40 (reduced from 1:118)

  2. Vengambakkam 1:38 (reduced from 1:60)

  3. Manamai 1:33 (reduced from 1:60)

  4. Nerumbur 1:40 (reduced from 1:84)

  5. Natham 1:49 (reduced from 1:69)

  6. Vittilapuram 1:41 (reduced from 1:48)

  7. Koovathur 1:45 (reduced from 1:60)

  8. Payyanoor 1:36 (reduced from 1:45)

  9. Paramasivam Nagar 1:32 (reduced from 1:55)

  10. Pandur 1:48 (reduced from 1:83)

  11. Neelamangalam 1:32 (reduced from 1:53)

  12. Thondamanallur 1:39 (reduced from 1:73)

  13. Parameswara Mangalam 1:32 (reduced from 1:52)

  14. Sooradimangalam 1:30 (reduced from 1:34)

  15. Sogandi 1:42 (reduced from 1:169)

  16. Thiruvadhur 1:63 (reduced from 1:102)

  17. Koovathur ADW 1:40 (reduced from 1:157)

  18. Kuzhipanthandalam 1:42 (reduced from 1:82)

What are the problems you have faced in the last year?

Most of the time we face no problems. There exists a far above average camrederie between our teachers, govt teachers and other functionaries. (I have sent scanned copies of a couple of appreciatory letters from the Panchayat President and School Principal)

^ Do you need additional funds from Asha? If yes, for what purposes?

Asha should think in terms of building a full-fledged laboratory (Physics and Computer will not involve major running cost except for power. Chemistry and Bio lab would require annual running costs), a well equipped library, an assembly / exam hall that is well furnished, etc.

We are trying to work out with our Dept (Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Madras Atomic Power Station, Bhavini) for a land space (for building a common lab) within in our township with uninterrupted supply of power and water. We are telling the Dept that we can mobilize funds for building and equipments from agencies like ASHA.

One of our Trustees, always insists that we should also strengthen primary schools where mostly there are only two teachers for 5 classes and over 100 students to a class. We would appreciate a separate grant for this purpose. As the logistics involved is high, we would be happy if, on a trial basis, permission is granted for utilizing the balance money in the previous years’ sanction for the current year’s work with primary schools. If we get a satisfactory experience, then a separate grant can be sanctioned.

^ Who are the students graduating this year and what do they plan on doing?

This year the number of students who have crossed 400 / 500 (80%) in their Tamilnadu State Board examinations has increased to about 61 compared to 20 last year and 5 students 3 years back.

Girls have scored higher than boys and two of them have crossed 460/500.

A significant number of Vengappakkam children have joined diploma courses in Govt polytechnic made possible because of the high percentages. In this village the preference to do a diploma course and get into a job is higher. Some students join private polytechnic courses by borrowing money on interest and paying huge fees!

Most of the other students have joined Government Higher Secondary school for their 11th and 12th grades.

How much longer do you foresee requiring Asha funding, and for what purposes?


The number of teacher vacancies were approximately of the order of 20,000 in 2004.   And so far about 15000 teachers have been filled across the state in the last one and a half years - these are against the 2004 vacancies. So there has been a 3 year lag to fill just the 2004 vacancies. Add to this the 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009 vacancies that were created due to school upgradations, teacher retirements etc..

           The approximate vacancy figures, as of now, for the Higher Sec & High school in the Kanchipuram Dt  is of the order of 100. This should be true for all the 50 or 60 educational districts in TN.

So there should be approximately 5000 to 6000 vacancies in the state.

         New posts will have to be created at the rate at which schools are being upgraded. This rate is independent of the Govt, and is about 2-3 high schools and 1-2 higher secondary schools in each educational district every year.  So a total of 300 schools may get upgraded a year. My guesstimate would be around 250 to 300 new posts would be needed per education district as on date. 

So approximately 15000 new posts would need to be created. Creations of new posts in old schools may also be needed.

          One has to make appropriate additions to the above figure on the basis of the number of primary schools upgraded to Middle school.

All these figures are on the basis overall 1:40 consideration. There can be a lot of variations at each school level.  Eg.  VII class can have 80 students crying for two sections, while 3rd & 4th may have just 25-30 students each. Overall 1:40 cannot takes this variations into account.    

           At plus two level in each specialization there may be 10 or 20 students each demanding a separate teacher beyond the 1:40 global consideration   etc   etc

       REWARD's goal is 1:20 in all schools, as there is general consensus among educators, that the desired student teacher ratio for effective learning in a first generation learner community is actually 1:10.

The number of schools within REWARD’s reach in this taluk of this district alone needing such a support is very, very high. The daily call to us for support is on the increase.

Current expenditure details

Rs. 21,39,851 for teacher salaries, incentives, auditor fees, incentive function expenses.

Current total income of your project

Rs. 3,788,805.53 from Asha for Education, USA received March 13, 2009, close to one year late due to delay in FCRA clearance.


Please give us details on the sources and amounts of funding the project receives

Only Asha SV support.

Percentage of funds currently sponsored by Asha.

99.5%. Small amounts to the tune of Rs.2.5 lakhs was received from local donations, and trustees’ personal contributions last year.

Current Student details

About 7000 spread over 18 Govt. Schools.

Current Teacher’s details







HS Natham

Kamakshi R




HS Natham

Sowmiya M




HS Nerumbur ADW

Divya P


(BSc) DTEd


HS Nerumbur ADW

Logeswari D




HS Nerumbur ADW

Prabhu K




HS Nerumbur ADW

Sujatha V




HS Paiyanoor

Mariappan P




HS Pandur

Indira A




HS Pandur

Mohan Kumar V


(MA) BEd


HS Pandur

Yogeswaran C


(MSc) BEd


HS Sogandi

Prabhavathy R




HS Sogandi

Suresh S


(MA) BEd


HS Sooradimangalam

Radha K




HS Vayalur

Bhuvaneswari D




HS Vayalur

Loganathan M


(MSc) BEd


HS Vayalur

Mallika N D


(MA) BEd


HS Vayalur

Revathi T M


(MA) BEd


HS Vayalur

Stalin Raj


(MSc) BEd


HS Vengapakkam

Moorthy S


BSc (BEd)


HS Vengapakkam

Ponni K


(MSc) (BEd)


HSS Koovathur

Deepa B




HSS Koovathur

Ranjith Kumar B

Econ, Hist

MA ( BA ) BEd


HSS Koovathur

Sampath Kumar T


(MA) BEd


HSS Manamai ADW

Dilli Ganesh V

Plant Biology



HSS Manamai ADW

Mageswari K




HSS Manamai ADW

Rajalakshmi S




HSS Manamai ADW

Rajarajan D


MSc MPhil BEd


HSS Manamai ADW

Sivakumar A V




HSS Thiruvadhur

Amala M S




HSS Thiruvadhur

Bhoologam M


(MA) BEd


HSS Thiruvadhur

Gnanaprakash V


(MSc) BEd


MS Neelamangalam

Kannan A


(MA) BEd


MS Neelamangalam

Kumaresan P


(MSc) BEd


MS Parameswara Mangalam

Karunakaran V




MS Parameswara Mangalam

Lalitha P


Plus 2, DTEd


MS Parmasivam Ngr ADW

Ezhilarasi V


Plus 2, DTEd


MS Parmasivam Ngr ADW

Sri Devi C


(BLit), DTEd


MS Parmasivam Ngr ADW

Thanuja Devadoss




MS Vittilapuram

Bharathidasan K M




PS Koovathur ADW

Kamatchi M


Plus2, DTEd


PS Koovathur ADW

Mahalakshmi K


Plus 2, DTEd


Is any additional coaching provided before the exams?

The teachers at the high and higher secondary levels take special classes on Saturdays (normal school holidays) to train the students for a better performance in the exams. In Vengampakkam, ASHA REWARD teachers take turns to sit with the students in the school after school hours helping them prepare for the students. Most students slept in the school for the night and got up at 4.30 AM to prepare for the exams. This was going on for one full month before the exams.


How would you rate the overall effectiveness of this project over the past year?

Vengambakkam has given a 100% pass percentage for the third year in a row. In 2010, it has given a 92% pass.

Pandur High School has gone up from 26% in 2008 to 62% in 2009 to 63% in 2010.

Natham High School has gone up from 74% in 2008 to 89% in 2009 to 96% in 2010.

Nerumbur has goven a 60% pass % in it’s first public exam.

Paiyyanoor High School has gone up from 71% in 2008 to 85% in 2009.

Koovathur has gone up from 37% to 42% to 57% in 2010.

Manamai High school has gone up from 67% in 2009 to 74% in 2010.

Manamai Higher Secondary School has gone up from 20% in 2006 to 70% in 2010.

Thiruvadhur has given a 49% in 2010.

The number of students getting overall percentages above 80% (> 400 / 500) has gone up from 5 to 20 to 61 this year.

Roughly the Reward teachers are bringing about pass percentages ranging from 80 to 100% in their subjects, in the State Board examinations.

So overall, in the 4 years of adding teachers, there has been year over year growth in each of the Asha supported government schools and significant increases in the number of students graduating high school.

Is there any other feedback you would like to provide to Asha?

Give us a chance to cover Primary Schools. Currently there is a terrific teacher shortage in primary schools, and the problem is compounded due to ABL. It is very difficult to teach using ABL unless the class size is small.

Asha should also think about creating permanent independent, infrastructures like Lab & Lib where children can fearlessly and seamlessly move in and out of these and learn to utilize them for enhancing their self worth.

On behalf of our teachers, the schools’ functionaries and on our own behalf we feel satisfied with the support and freedom given by Asha. We have done our best and will be striving to improvise and improve our delivery mechanism so as to convert good performance into good learning outcomes. We would want Asha to support us in all our ventures to enhance the quality of rural education.

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